Baseball (Ball)

The ball used in the game of baseball is known as baseball. The center of the ball is made of rubber or cork which has a yarn wrapping and a leather cover. The circumference of the ball ranges between 229 mm and 235 mm (9 inches and 9 inches) while it is 73 mm to 76 mm (2 7/8 inches to 3 inches) in diameter. A one mile (1.5 km) long string or yarn is used for wrapping the ball. A covering resembling plastic is sometimes used for wrapping the baseball while some balls may also have leather finish.

Overview

Spalding, a sports equipment manufacturer company owned by former baseball superstar A.G. Spalding, patented cushioned wood cores for baseballs during the late nineteenth century. Golf ball rubber centers were used during the World War II, as using any material for domestic use was restricted due to the war. In recent years, manufacturers have used various synthetic materials for creating baseballs. However, these balls are not used for the major league games due to their low quality. The functioning of the baseball is affected by the variation in the material. Normally, a tighter-wound baseball leaves the bat quicker and flies farther. At present, the baseballs used for playing the major matches have a tighter wound compared to those used in previous years. A pitcher's pitching the ball also depends on the seam height. Generally, the baseballs used in the armature leagues such as the Little League and various school and college leagues have higher seams than those used in the professional leagues.

Baseball Ball Earlier, each game of baseball used only one ball unless the ball had suffered too much damage to be used for playing. Team employees had to go and collect a ball if it was shot into the stands so that it can be used in the match again. Even today, this method is followed in many modern sports. At some point in the game, dirt discolors the ball in play. The players then use various materials such as tobacco juice for shining the ball. Seam bursts and rips may also damage a ball. But, since batter Ray Chapman died after a pitch hit him in the head as he was not able to see the worn out ball in twilight, dirty and discolored balls are generally replaced by shinier balls.

Today, a characteristic professional game uses several dozen baseballs due to discoloration, scratches and undesirable texture occurring during the match. The spectators are requested to return the balls that are stroke into the stands for momentous occasion such as setting some record. Fans, who catch the ball and returns it, are generally gifted with a bat autographed by the player and other autographed items.

Today, Baseball Rubbing Mud is used by every Major League Baseball team for rubbing the balls in before being used for playing.