Football Game Durations

A standard football match comprises of two periods or halves of 45 minutes each. Each of these halves progresses continuously; i.e. the clock or watch is not stopped while the game is temporarily halted for some reason. There is a 15 minute-long half-time break between the two halves. The finishing of a football match is commonly called full-time. The referee is said to be the official timekeeper of the match who may create an allowance for the time that is lost through fouls, injured players needing attention, substitutions and other forms of game stoppages. This additional time is most frequently referred to as injury time or stoppage time, whereas in some cases it can also be called loss time. The duration as to how long the stoppage time will be rests completely on the referee’s viewpoint. Only the referee alone has the authority to signal the match’s end. In those matches where another fourth official is called for, the fourth official then officially informs the spectators and players by holding a board that shows the stoppage time duration that he intends to add. The stoppage time that is signaled once may again be extended if the referee decides to do so.

Football Game Durations This law of added time originally came into existence due to an incident that happened in a match played between Aston Villa and Stoke in 1891. At the finishing moments of the game, Stoke was given a penalty. Stoke was trailing 1-0 in the game at that time. As a Stoke player took the shot, the goalkeeper of Aston Villa shot the ball out of the playing ground. By the time the players were able to bring the ball in and start the game, the official 90 minutes of the game ended and the game was declared over. Hence this law which allows for the extension of game duration of both the halves makes sure that no game or half should end with any of the sides having a penalty.

A game can end as a draw match in league competitions. For knockout competitions where it is necessary to have a winner, a draw-state may be broken by several methods such as a deadlock or replays. A game that ends as a tie may lead to extra time, which again comprises of two additional 15-minute periods. If the score of the game still remains a tie after the end of extra time, some football competitions choose to decide the outcome of the game through penalty shootouts. The winner in the penalty shootouts can then proceed to the next stage of the football tournament. The goals that are scored during the extra time periods are counted with the game’s final score but the successful kicks from the penalty shootouts are only used to determine which team is going to proceed to the next level of the tournament. The goals that are scored in the penalty shootouts do not make up a team’s final score.