Fouls in Basketball

Basketball is a popular team sport played in many parts of the world and especially in the United States. A number of rules and regulations monitor the gameplay of basketball. In this article, we will discuss about the various instances where a player have caused a foul.

A foul is committed when a player uses physical contact to unjustly disadvantage an opponent player. Fouls are most frequently executed by defensive players, although offensive players can commit fouls as well. The player against whom a foul is committed either receives the ball for again passing it inbounds or can also receive 1 or more than one throws if the foul is committed through shooting, depending on the success of the shot. A player can attempt a free throw 15 feet away from the basket, which can fetch a player one point.

The referee has to use discretion while calling fouls and has to thoroughly consider if an unjust advantage was achieved or not. This often makes foul calls no-calls or controversial calls. Foul calls can and do vary between different games and leagues. Foul calls also depend on the referee's judgment.

Fouls In Basketball If a coach or player fights with another player or argues with a referee, it is considered poor sportsmanship. In such cases, the player or the coach is charged with a technical foul. A technical foul is a serious form of foul than that of standard playing fouls. The penalties of such fouls involve a free throw. Unlike in a personal foul, a free throw can be thrown by anyone in the team. The rules regarding free throws vary among the different leagues. Repeated occurrences of technical fouls can even lead to disqualification of the player or coach.

When a player commits a blatant foul through unnecessary or excessive use of physical force, he is said to have caused an intentional foul or a flagrant foul according to the NBA. According to FIBA regulations, a foul that results in ejection is known as a disqualifying foul. Disqualifying fouls are called flagrant fouls in NBA.

If a certain team commits more number of fouls within a given period, say 4 fouls within a quarter or half period, the opposing team gets 1 or 2 free throws on further non-shooting fouls for the given period. The number of free throws awarded depends on the particular league. In the high school and college basketball games played in US, if a playing team commits 7 fouls within a half, the other team gets a free throw and another second shot provided the first one is properly made. This is known as shooting "one-and-one". If a certain team exceeds the count of 10 fouls in one half, the other team gets 2 free throws on of all fouls committed further in the half.

While a team shoots for foul shots, the players of the opponent team cannot interfere with shooter or try to gain possession of ball as long as the final or potentially final free throw is in air.