History of Rugby Union

The origin of Rugby is said to be just an incident that took place in a football game in England at the Rugby School when William Webb-Ellis is claimed to pick up the ball and tried to run towards the goal. Even though this evidence is still doubtful, but this story was immortalized with a plaque inaugurated in the school in 1895.

In spite of the anecdotal nature of Rugby Union's origin, the World Cup trophy is named after William Webb-Ellis. Rugby football originates from the earlier form of game that was played at Rugby School. Later the game was introduced by the former students to their universities. A student of Cambridge, Rugbeian Albert Pell is said to have formed the very first football team. During this time, different schools applied different rules and regulations, with former students of Eton and Rugby trying to employ their preferred rules to their universities.

History Of Rugby Union Notable events, in the formation of rugby football were the output of the 1st set of written football rules at the Rugby School in the year 1845; followed by 'Cambridge Rules' framed in the year 1848. The decision of Blackheath Club to leave the FA in 1863 and the Rugby Football Union's formation in 1871 are some other notable events in the history of this game. Originally, the code was called "rugby football"; this was not till after the split in 1895 in England that resulted in different code of rugby league, which the sport accepted the name 'Rugby Union' to distinguish this from other leagues. In spite of the game's full name 'Rugby Union', this sport is known as Rugby in most parts of the world.

On 27th March, 1871, the very 1st rugby football international game took place between Scotland and England. By the year 1881, both Wales and Ireland had their representative teams. The Home Nations Championship, the very first international competition held in the year 1883. This is the same year in which the Melrose Sevens, the 1st rugby sevens championship, took place and this tournament still takes place each year.

Two significant overseas took place after five year; a team from the British Isle visited New Zealand and Australia - even though it was a private venture, this tour laid the bases for future British and Irish Lions tours; and in the year 1888, New Zealand visited Great Britain with their team. Between the year 1905 and 1908, all the three prominent rugby countries from Southern Hemisphere sent their rugby teams to Northern Hemisphere: New Zealand visited in 1905; then it was South Africa that visited in 1906 followed by Australia in 1908. All these teams brought new styles of tactics, fitness levels and play and they were way more successful than critics had anticipated. In 1905, the touring team of New Zealand performed a 'haka' before the start of each game. In the same year, France played their first international game against England.