Rugby Teams and team structures

In Rugby, each team begins with fifteen players on the side. Players are divided into 7 backs and 8 forwards.


The primary responsibilities of forwards are to earn and retain ball possession. Forward players are generally stronger and bigger and they take part in the lineout and scrum. Often, forwards are collectively denoted as ‘pack’.

Front row

The front row comprises of a total of three players; one tighthead prop, one loosehead prop and the hooker. The prop’s job is to bask the hooker during scrums; to support the jumpers on lineouts as well as to provide power and strength in mauls and rucks. The 3rd position in the first row is called the hooker. This position is an important position both in defensive play and in attacking and is hold responsible for getting the ball in the acrum.

Second row

The 2nd row comprises of two locks. Locks are generally the tallest players in the side and are also specialized lineout jumpers. In lineouts, the primary role of the lock forwards is to help in standing jump, at times helped by other forwards – either to receive the ball or to make sure that the ball comes to their side.

Back row

The back row is the third and final row of the forward spots and they are often called the loose forwards. The 3 spots in the last row consist of the number 8 and two flankers - openside flanker and blindside flanker are the last row in the scrum. Their primary responsibility is to secure possession in the scrum. The number 8 go down between the flankers at the rear of the scrum where he is supposed to take control of the ball once it has been kicked back from the face of the pack. This spot also offers a link between the backs and forwards in attacking phases.


Rugby Teams And Team Structures

The primary responsibility of the backs is to convert and create point-scoring opportunities; generally, they are smaller but more agile and faster. Another differentiation between these 2 spots is that the backs are anticipated to have superb kicking skills, particularly in the spots of full-back and fly-half.


The half-backs comprises of 2 positions – the fly-half/First Five-Eighth and the scrum-half/half-back. The fly-half position is very important in the game plan of the team, orchestrating the performance of the team. Generally, they are the first to grab the ball from the scrum-half after a lineout, scrum or breakdown and require to take decisions on necessary actions and must have good communication with outside backs.

Three quarters

There are 4 three quarter spots - outside centre, Second Five-Eighth/inside centre and the right and left wings. The fly-half is normally possess a nice kicking game and they are quite good at reading the game as well as conducting the attack. The centers will try to take on attacking players. The wings are supposed to be at the outside of the backline. Their general function is to end all the moves as well as hit tries. Wings are generally the quickest players in a side and they are strong and big and are able to break away tackles.


Fullback generally stays several meters behind the back line. A good kicking game and dependable catching skills are the most important attributes of a good fullback.