Tennis Court

The play ground where tennis is played is known as a tennis court. A tennis court can be described as a firm surface, rectangular is shape, having a low net stretching across its center. Doubles as well as singles matches are played on the same court.

Tennis Court Dimensions

The rectangular tennis court is usually made of clay, grass or concrete. Synthetic suspended courts are also used for playing this game. The length of the court is generally 78 feet (23.78 meters) while it is 36 feet (10.97 meters) wide. For singles matches, the court is 27 feet (8.23 meters) wide. A white line on the court indicates its width for singles matches. The distance between the service line and the net is 21 feet (6.40 meters).

Tennis Court Orientation

Generally, a North-South orientation is maintained in outdoor courts so that the background sunlight does not disturb the players during dawn and dusk. Other matters such as pedestrian and vehicle traffic, neighboring property and prevailing winds should also be taken into consideration while deciding the orientation of the court.

Tennis Court Types

The classification of courts depends on what material it is made of. Tennis courts can be of four types depending on their surface: clay courts, carpet courts, hard courts and grass courts. Various types of surfaces have different characteristics that affect the game's style. Different surfaces are listed by the official website of the International Tennis Federation (ITF). It categorizes the courts in stages from category one (slow) to category five (fast).

Tennis Court Two of the four tennis Grand Slam tournaments, the Australian Open and US Open, are played on hard courts. French open is played only on clay court while the Wimbledon is played on grass.

Clay courts

Crushed stone, shale and brick are used for making clay courts. The French Open is the only one Grand Slam which is played on clay.

This type of court makes the ball travel slower and bounce higher compared to hard courts and grass courts. Due to this reason, the players lose the big serving advantage when playing on clay. Serve-based players generally find it hard to dominate a match on this surface. The construction of a clay court is less expensive than any other type of surface; however, its maintenance cost is higher than that of the hard court.

Grass courts

Grass courts are regarded as the fastest among all varieties of tennis courts. AstroTurf is faster than the grass court, but it is generally used for personal courts. The grass courts are constructed of grass that is grown on extremely hard-packed soil. The bounce of the ball depends on the health of the grass, when the grass was last mown and the amount of damage and deterioration due to the most recent match.

Hard courts

A type of rigid material is used for preparing the hard courts. This type of surface offers better consistency of bounce compared to other outdoor surfaces. The speed of the hard courts may vary, but they are slower than the grass courts.

Carpet courts

Any removable tennis court covering is known as carpet. Carpet court is not used in professional tennis.