Tennis Equipments

Tennis is held in high esteem for the simplicity of the equipments required for playing the game. Only racquets and balls are necessary for a beginner to learn the game. The main object of a tennis player is to use the racquet for hitting the ball to send it into his or her opponent's side and score a point.

Tennis Racquets

A tennis racquet has a handle, also known as grip, which is connected to the neck of the racquet with an elliptical frame. A matrix of firmly pulled strings is held by the frame. During the first hundred years of tennis, wood was used for making the standard size tennis racquets while animal gut was used for the strings. Laminated wood construction was used for making the racquets stronger until the end of 20th century. Later, composites of ceramics, carbon graphite and various light metals including titanium were used for the purpose. These stronger materials made it possible to produce outsized rackets that yielded more power. At the same time, synthetic strings replaced the animal guts and it extended the durability of the racquet.

Tennis Equipments Under the modern tennis rules, the following guidelines must be adhered to by the racquet:

  • The hitting area of the racquet, made up of strings, must be generally uniform and flat.
  • The hitting area frame length may not surpass 29 inches, while its width must remain within 12.5 inches.
  • The size, shape, weight as well as the weight distribution of the racquet must be specific. The racquet may not have any built in energy source.
  • The player may not receive any kind of instruction, communication or advice from the racquet during a match.

Along with engineering and material advancements, the rules regarding tennis racquets have undergone great change over the years. Until the year of 1997, the racquet frames could be 32 inches long. But afterwards it was reduced to 29 inches.

Tennis Balls

Hollow rubber balls are used for playing the game of tennis. These balls also have a felt coating. The tennis balls were traditionally white in color. But this predominant color was later changed into optic yellow during the later parts of the twentieth century. This was done for the purpose of improving the visibility of the ball.


Advanced players used various additional accessories for improving their performance in the game. The feel of the racquet can be improved by interlacing the string array's proximal part with vibration dampers. The players can customize the handles of their racquets with rubber-like materials or absorbent for having a better grip. Sweat bands are often worn by players on the wrist for keeping their hands dry. Specialized tennis shoes, with wide, flat soles providing stability, are commonly used by players at various levels. The built-up front structure of these shoes helps in avoiding excess wear.